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5th-7th Grade
Dear Marianne:
My husband and I have 2 daughters ages 3 and 5. They have so many toys and it's hard for me to get rid of them because so many of them are from family and friends but it's overwhelming! I think they have too many toys-do you have any suggestions of how many toys a kid plays with in a day and how many do they really need? I don't remember having so many toys as a child-just a few favorites. Then it's hard to get them to clean up b/c I think it
overwhelms them. What do you think?
Phil and Angie, Blue Springs, MO, parents of Marlee 5 and Jaimee 3


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Untitled Document

Build Your Own Erupting Volcano
by Spencer Christian

Today's feature will show you how to build your own erupting volcano – safely and easily. All you need is just a few common household items, usually found in the kitchen. After you have finished, you can read my explanation of what's going on beneath the earth's surface that causes REAL volcanoes to erupt!

What You Need:

  • Funnel
  • 16-ounce plastic soda bottle
  • Baking Soda
  • Smaller plastic bottle
  • Vinegar
  • Red food coloring
  • Cake pan or baking dish
  • Soil and sand

What to Do:

  1. Place the funnel in the mouth of the soda bottle, and pour in baking soda until the bottle is half full.
  2. Fill the smaller bottle about half full of vinegar.
  3. Add about 6 drops of food coloring to the vinegar.
  4. Stand the soda bottle in the center of the pan, and pile soil and sand around it in the shape of a mountain. The mouth of the soda bottle should be showing on top, with the funnel resting in it.

What Happens and Why:

The vinegar reacts with the baking soda to form carbon-dioxide gas. The gas expands out of the bottle, just as the gases in magma cause it to erupt from a volcano. The red "lava" in this activity was carried to the surface through the opening in the soda bottle.

<What Happens When a Volcano Erupts>

Spencer Christian's "World of Wonder" Books
available at

How To...

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